San Francisco
San Francisco is a popular international tourist destination, renowned for its chilly summer fog - from which it derives its nickname Fog City, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of Victorian and modern architecture and its famous landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, the cable cars, and Chinatown.

San Francisco is among the three most popular cities in the world. The city is romantic, free and very multifaceted, here you can find almost everything and meet almost all types of people - hippies, sexual minorities, rebellious students etc. Some people call San Francisco the city of dreams and not without a reason.
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The Alcatraz Island is placed in the San Francisco Bay. It is 2.4 km offshore from San Francisco, California. It is known also with the name The Rock from the days when the small island was used as a military prison (Federal Bureau of Prisons federal prison till 1963), military fortification, and lighthouse. Actually, at first the island was used as a military fortress, which was later converted into a prison. The prison became famous because of the big names of some of its prisoners such as George “Machine Gun” Kelly, Robert Stroud also called the “Bird of Alcatraz”, Henry Theodore Young and Al Capone. The prison was also famous for the fact that nobody can escape from there.

There were total 14 escape attempts and all of them failed. The point is that the prison is located in the center of the bay and you can reach it only by water. But the bay water temperature is low, and the flow is very strong, so that even an excellent swimmer will not be able to swim more than 2 miles to San Francisco. In 1972 The Rock became a national amusement area and received land marking designations in both 1976 and 1986. At present, the island is a historic site open for tours, which is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Guests from all over the world can get to the island by ferry from Pier 33, near the San Francisco Fisherman’s Wharf. As you probably know Alcatraz has been used in many books, comics, TV shows, movies, games and cartoons. Alcatraz became a famous historical site visited by huge number of tourists and is considered one of the most visited places in San Francisco.

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